THE BACKGROUND ATTRIBUTE
Recent versions of the proposed HTML 3.0 spec. have added a BACKGROUND attribute to the BODY tag. The purpose of this attribute is to specify a URL pointing to an image that is to be used as a background for the document. In Netscape 1.1, this background image is used to tile the full background of the document-viewing area. Thus specifying:
would cause whatever text, images, etc. appeared in that document to be placed on a background similar to this one. For more choices, take a look at a few examples for ideas on other backgrounds.THE BGCOLOR ATTRIBUTE
This attribute to BODY is not currently in the proposed HTML 3.0 spec, but we're working on it. Basically, many people just want to change the color of the background without having to specify a separate image that requires another network access to load. This attribute allows just that. The format that Netscape 1.1 understands is:
Where "#rrggbb" is a hexadecimal red-green-blue triplet used to specify the background color.
THE TEXT ATTRIBUTE
This attribute is used to control the color of all the normal text in the document. This basically consists of all text that is not specially colored to indicate a link. The format of TEXT is the same as that of BGCOLOR.
THE LINK, VLINK, AND ALINK ATTRIBUTE
These attributes let you control the coloring of link text. VLINK stands for visited link, and ALINK stands for active link. The default coloring of these is: LINK=blue, VLINK=purple, and ALINK=red. Again the format for these attributes is the same as that for BGCOLOR and TEXT.
<HTML> <HEAD> <TITLE>Color Control Example</TITLE> </HEAD> <BODY BGCOLOR="#000000" TEXT="#F0F0F0" LINK="#FFFF00" VLINK="#22AA22" ALINK="#0077FF"> This is an example document. Text is light-gray on black, and <a href="nowhere.html">anchors</a> are yellow at first, flashing blue-green when activated, and pale green if already visited. </P> </BODY> </HTML>
Since setting a background image requires the fetching of an image file from a second HTTP connection, it will slow down the perceived speed of your document load. None of your document can be displayed until the image is loaded and decoded. Needless to say, keep your background images small.
If you have the Auto Load Images option off, background images will not be loaded. If the background image is not loaded for any reason, and a BGCOLOR was not also specified, then any of the foreground controlling attributes (LINK, VLINK, and ALINK) will be ignored. The idea behind this is that if you didn't get your requested background image, setting your requested text colors on top a the default gray background may well make your document unreadable.
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